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Origins of The New Testament and Christianity

Gospel Of Thomas

The Gospel of Thomas is a unique gospel; it is different from the other gospels because it consists of sayings that Jesus spoke when he was alive. The gospel is said to be written by Didymos Judas Thomas, it appears he recorded Jesus as he spoke. The gospel is filled with mysterious sayings, and comparison between those who believe and those who do not believe and it has unique and intriguing sayings. The Gospel of Thomas has similar sayings to those of the canonical gospels.  After reading the Gospel of Thomas we can conclude that it is a Gnostic text and it has dualism.

It starts by saying: Whoever discovers the interpretation of this sayings will not taste death (Thomas 1). In other words, if you understand and you are knowledgeable of the sayings you will live forever in the lord’s kingdom.  In Thomas 3 it says that if someone is told that Jesus is in the sky or in the sea,  they should not listen because whatever they see there will come first when they began to search him and Jesus is nowhere to be found. Jesus lives is inside and outside of  them, he will not be in any other place.  In other words, they need to first find themselves and in doing so they will come to comprehend that they are fathered by god. Furthermore, if they do not find themselves they will be poor and will never be able to get out of that poverty. In this saying without knowledge of who you are then, you will not have the knowledge to know who god is and you will be lost without finding a way out.

The gospel of Thomas is similar to the gospel of John as both gospels have dualism. In John 1:1 it says that the word came first,  along came god  and he was the word; God is being compared to the word and thought to be the word.  In John 1:3-4  it says that everything came into life because of him and without him nothing could come into life, he was life and light.  He was the only one that could bring light and without him your life will be obscured and you will not be able to survive in the dark. ” I am the one who comes from what is whole. I was granted from the things of my Father ‘ For this reason I say, if one is (whole), one will be filled with light, but if one is divided, one will be filled with darkness.” ( Thomas 61). Here Jesus explains that if one has him in their life, they will be complete and if one does not have him in his life they will be missing a piece and they will be in the darkness.  In all these texts, Jesus and god are being portrayed as divine figures and are being compared to stuff such as death and darkness. 

In Thomas 82 Jesus says that those that are not with him are far from his father’s kingdom and those who are beside of him are going to be going through difficult times. Furthermore, there is no in between you either give it to the lord or you do not give anything and you will not be a member of  the kingdom of god.  In Thomas 8, The fisherman chooses the largest  fish from the bunch and Jesus tells his follower that there better had listen. He is explaining how they will be put many leaders in front and will have the option to choose from all of them.  They will be able to distinct one leader from  the rest and that leader is the one they should follow.

The Gospel Of Mary Magdalene: Creative Writing #1

                          Mary Magdalene

    In The Gospel Of Mary Magdalene, chapter 9, Mary is portrayed as a leader of the disciples, she can also be referred to as the apostle of the apostles. This is a very interesting topic because the role of leadership in women was not common in the early Christian religions. It appears that Mary is the most faithful disciple to Jesus as he appears to her through a vision and she does not second guess or question what she saw. This explains why Jesus loved her and shared stuff with her that he did not share with the other disciples. Mary and Jesus have a close relationship as it is mentioned in the gospel of John (John 20:11-18). Where Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene first and then she informs the rest of the disciples about Jesus’s resurrection. In the Gospel of Mary Magdalene, Mary informs the rest of the disciples about the words of the savior. In both the Gospel of John and the Gospel of Mary Magdalene, Mary can be easily identified as the messenger of Jesus.

Mary Magdalene shared with the all the disciples everything Jesus and her had spoken about in her vision as she feels as she needs to fulfill her job as the messenger by informing the disciples.  The disciples are not convinced of her words and began to question her. Andrew is the first one to question , as he believes this ideas did not sound like anything Jesus could have said. He labels them as “strange ideas.” He asks the rest of the disciples what they think about what Mary had said. Peter which is portrayed in other Gospels as the main disciple began to question Mary as well. We can conclude that his question arises because he feels as if he should have been the one Jesus told these ideas and the one to share these ideas with the rest of the disciples. In other words, the idea were not as strange to him as he describes them, but the strange part was that Jesus would share the ideas with a woman. Peter and Andrew as well as the others, believe the ideas should have been told to a man.  A woman was not a symbol of leadership or discipleship in the first and second century, therefore, the ideas would only be credible coming from a man and only a man. This is very different for the disciples and they have a hard time accepting the fact that Jesus messenger is a woman. Mary became upset as she begun to feel as her words were not credible among the disciples. She defends herself by asking Peter if he thinks she would do such thing as lie about their savior. Then Levi points out how Peter conflicts with women as if they were an adversary.

We can easily pick up how Peter is against woman playing a significant role as he also does so In the Gospel of Thomas (Thomas 114).   Jesus responds to Peter’s objection of Mary being part of their group by explaining how he will convert Mary into a man. In the Gospel of Thomas, Jesus intentions are to bring the two genders together to where there is no distinction between the two. Jesus also tries to convey the message that in his kingdom there is no such thing as male or female to him they are all the same. The Levi acknowledges the fact that Jesus chose Mary as his messenger for a reason and gives her the credit  that Peter intends to take away. Then  Levi goes on explaining how they should not construct their own ideas besides the ones that Jesus has made as they will lead within themselves as will prevent them from going out preaching as their lord commanded. In the Gospel of Mary, Jesus assigns Mary as the messenger, which then creates conflict among the disciples, with the final outcome being unity and acceptance (Mary 9,10).

In more than one of the sayings in the Gospel of Thomas, Jesus refers to woman in a positive, strong way, which brings us back to the idea that he had appreciation and love for Mary Magdalene. (Thomas 96). In this saying Jesus compares the Kingdom to a woman, and he ends saying that they had better listen as if it might be useful in the future. In the Gospel of Mary, Jesus proves his love and trust to Mary by choosing to appear to her through the vision and assigning her as the messenger.


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